If your student loan debt is forgiven, what happens to your credit score? Here’s what you need to know
With more than one in five families holding student loans – according to the most recent figures from the Federal Reserve – a proposal from President Joe Biden’s administration to write off some of the higher education debt could help many people’s finances. And while removing debt from your balance sheet may be good for you and your monthly budget in the long term, it could have an unexpected effect on your credit score in the short term.
During his 2020 candidacy, President Joe Biden promised to cancel at least a certain amount of student loan debt. So far, his administration has canceled the debt of some workers, , former students of Corinthian colleges and Marinello Beauty School Students. But the administration has yet to release details of the debt cancellation for the estimated 11.8 million borrowers with federal student loans that may qualify for relief.
Here’s what we know about the impact canceling your student loan could have on your credit score. To find out more, hereand nine .
What is the difference between a credit report and a credit score?
— Equifax, Experian and TransUnion are the big three — collect financial information from your creditors to create .
Credit bureaus can use these reports to create credit scores that ostensibly reflect your creditworthiness — and help companies decide both whether to lend you money, for example, and what interest rate to charge you. Banks may use their own scoring systems to determine whether to offer you a mortgage or a car loan.
Credit ratings — including the widely used FICO score — can be calculated using pieces of information contained in your credit report:
- Payment the story, detailing how and when you paid your accounts over the term of your credit
- Amounts you owe on your accountsincluding the amount of your available credit that you use
- Length of your credit historyincluding the age of your oldest and newest accounts and the average age of all your accounts
- Composition of creditincluding credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans and mortgages
- New credit you recently opened
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Could canceling my student loan debt affect my credit rating?
For many student borrowers, credit scores won’t be significantly affected, Martin Lynch, director of education at Cambridge Credit Counselingtold CNET.
Borrowers who made payments on time and for whom debt forgiveness covers the full amount of their loans might see a slight uptick in their scores, Lynch said.
On the other hand, if a loan was in default when it was canceled, under the old FICO models that are still in use, a credit score could drop. Lynch said the latest FICO scoring models ignore a paid collection account, so a score wouldn’t suffer with the new calculation method.
Lynch said borrowers with what he calls “thin credit profiles” — those with few credit accounts and little diversity in the credit mix they carry — could see a drop in their scores. And if a borrower doesn’t have other installment loans, eliminating the student loan (which is a type of installment loan) could negatively impact their score, he said.
Borrowers could also lose points on their credit scores if student loans are among their oldest accounts, Lynch said, because removing them would change the average age of all their credit accounts.
So if it might temporarily hurt my credit rating, should I ignore student loan forgiveness?
No. Focusing on the negative impact of the score, he misses the boat, Lynch said: “Having thousands of dollars of debt forgiven will be more important for most student loan holders.”
With, money saved from canceled student loan repayments can be used for other purposes, such as building up savings. And if you see a drop in your score, Lynch said, you can also use some of the money you’ve saved from debt forgiveness to improve your scores by expanding your credit profile or paying off debt. balances of your revolving accounts such as credit cards.
To find out more, hereand .